Halal food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and personal care products can be considered najis if they are contaminated or in direct contact with the najis mughallazah (extreme najis). Globalisation in the economic industry has raised the need for halal certification, locally and internationally. This demand has raised awareness in the public as their power of purchase also increased. The economic activities have actively recorded higher demand for Muslim or halal products. The population of Muslims worldwide is expected to increase to 2.2 billion by 2030, based on the project conducted by Per Research Center’s Forum on Religion and Public Life.

According to Al – Qadrawi (2001), cited by Kassim et al. (2014), Halal in Arabic means permissible or lawful for consumption and use by Muslims, and Haram is referred to anything unlawful or forbidden. In Surah Al – Maidah verse 88, Allah commands Muslims and all humankind to consume and live on halal and toyyib products; toyyib means it must meet quality, safety, and be wholesome. Halal product not only complies with the religious aspect but also strictly complies with the quality and hygiene in the production of every product.

Al – Qadrawi (2001) defines najis as dirty and disgusting in Islamic Law. If Muslims are in contact with certain najis, they must proceed with the cleaning process before proceeding with religious duties such as prayer. Before this, ones need to understand the classification of the najis first.

Najis MukaffafahLightThe urine of boys aged less than 2 years old and fully breastfedRemove najis and sprinkle water over the contaminated area
Najis Mutawassitah  MediumApart from the heavy and light najis, vomit, blood, urineRemove najis and wash free flow with clean water until achieving absence of colour, odour and feel
Najis Mughallazah  Extreme/ SevereDogs and pigs (khinzir), including any liquid and object, discharged from their orifices, descendent and derivatives.Remove najis and seven times rising with the clean water (mutlak); one is the water mixed with soil/clay. This process is called sertu


MPPSHM Pejabat Mufti Wilayah Persekutuan. https://muftiwp.gov.my/artikel/al-kafi-li-al-fatawi/3545-al-kafi-1316-beza-sertu-dengan-samak

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