Islam is a religion of mercy and compassion. It only commands and prohibits that which is in the best interests of the human being. The human mind, however, because it is constrained and restricted, may not be able to understand the logic behind every ruling. It may need help comprehending correctly why a particular ruling is given. Allah Most High- the Merciful and All-Knowing- is the best to decide what is beneficial and harmful for us, He is the one who created us.
The Shariah Law of Islam that the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W delivered his message from Allah has differentiated between a living and a dead animal. Dead animals were declared unlawful (Haram). Thus, animals have been prohibited from consumption by Shariah because they are harmful to human consumption. Certain animals that were harmful to the welfare of humans were also prohibited, such as pigs, dogs, cats, and wild animals.
From Surah Al – Maidah verse 3, Allah mentions the type of animal prohibited for Muslims to consume. “Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allāh, and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars…”
There are two categories of animals that are considered haram animals: land and aquatic animals. All the land animals are halal to consume except the animal under the categories najis Mughallazah which are pigs, dogs, and their descendants. The animal that not slaughters per Shariah Law and the animal with sharp teeth or tusk that is used to kill prey also forbidden. For example tiger, cat, and monkey. Other animals in this category are predator animals, such as eagles or owls and the pesticides and poisonous animals like scorpions, snakes, bees, or cockroaches. Disgusting animal like lice, flies, or leech is also Haram for Muslims to consume as some of those animals have been mentioned directly in Al – the Quran.
Aside from land animals, some aquatic animals also being prohibited due to their biological characteristics. Almost all aquatic animals are halal except poisonous, intoxicating, and harmful animals. An animal that lives on land and water is also included in the prohibited animal consumed by Muslims, a frog.